Judge

Judge
   (Heb. shophet, pl. shophetim), properly a magistrate or ruler, rather than one who judges in the sense of trying a cause. This is the name given to those rulers who presided over the affairs of the Israelites during the interval between the death of Joshua and the accession of Saul (Judg. 2:18), a period of general anarchy and confusion. "The office of judges or regents was held during life, but it was not hereditary, neither could they appoint their successors. Their authority was limited by the law alone, and in doubtful cases they were directed to consult the divine King through the priest by Urim and Thummim (Num. 27:21). Their authority extended only over those tribes by whom they had been elected or acknowledged. There was no income attached to their office, and they bore no external marks of dignity. The only cases of direct divine appointment are those of Gideon and Samson, and the latter stood in the peculiar position of having been from before his birth ordained to begin to deliver Israel.' Deborah was called to deliver Israel, but was already a judge. Samuel was called by the Lord to be a prophet but not a judge, which ensued from the high gifts the people recognized as dwelling in him; and as to Eli, the office of judge seems to have devolved naturally or rather ex officio upon him." Of five of the judges, Tola (Judg. 10:1), Jair (3), Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon (12:8-15), we have no record at all beyond the bare fact that they were judges. Sacred history is not the history of individuals but of the kingdom of God in its onward progress.
   In Ex. 2:14 Moses is so styled. This fact may indicate that while for revenue purposes the "taskmasters" were over the people, they were yet, just as at a later time when under the Romans, governed by their own rulers.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • judge — 1 / jəj/ vb judged, judg·ing [Old French jugier, from Latin judicare, from judic judex judge, from jus right, law + dicere to decide, say] vt 1: to hear and decide (as a litigated question) in a court of justice judge a case 2: to pronounce after …   Law dictionary

  • Judge — ist der Nachname folgender Personen: Christopher Judge (* 1964), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Grace Judge (* 1882), britische Ärztin Igor Judge, Baron Judge (* 1941), Lord Chief Justice and President of the Courts of England and Wales Jack… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Judge — (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F. juger, to judge. See {Judge}, v. i.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Judge — Judge, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Judged} (j[u^]jd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Judging}.] [OE. jugen, OF. jugier, F. juger, L. judicare, fr. judex judge; jus law or right + dicare to proclaim, pronounce, akin to dicere to say. See {Just}, a., and {Diction}, and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • judge — vb 1 Judge, adjudge, adjudicate, arbitrate mean to decide something in dispute or controversy upon its merits and upon evidence. All these words imply the existence of a competent legal tribunal or of its equivalent. Judge implies mainly the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Judge — Жанр хардкор панк Годы 1987–1991 Страна …   Википедия

  • judge — [juj] n. [ME juge < OFr < L judex, a judge, lit., one who points out the right < jus, law + dicere, to say, point out: see JURY1 & DICTION] 1. an elected or appointed public official with authority to hear and decide cases in a court of… …   English World dictionary

  • Judge — Judge, v. t. 1. To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties. Chaos [shall] judge the strife. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom. [1913 Webster] God… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • judge — [n] person who arbitrates adjudicator, appraiser, arbiter, assessor, authority, bench, chancellor, conciliator, court, critic, evaluator, expert, honor, inspector, intercessor, intermediary, interpreter, judiciary, justice, justice of peace,… …   New thesaurus

  • Judge — (engl., spr. dschöddsch), der Richter. Im engern Sinne werden Judges die Mitglieder der höhern Gerichte genannt, im Unterschied von den Justices (of the peace), den Friedensrichtern (s. Friedensgerichte; vgl. England [Rechtspflege], S. 804) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • judge — ► NOUN 1) a public officer appointed to decide cases in a law court. 2) a person who decides the results of a competition. 3) a person able or qualified to give an opinion. ► VERB 1) form an opinion about. 2) give a verdict on in a law court. 3) …   English terms dictionary

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